Readers, can you refute this analysis of free will in Islam?
Some food for thought, which while it was written for enlightenment about one denomination, could really be applicable to many deist faiths.
- Allah is omniscient.
- Nothing happens except by Allah's will.
- Allah Himself has free will.
- Allah cannot make a mistake.
If these statements are all presumed true, then they can serve as the logical starting points for determining their consistency with the concept of a "test for salvation."
1: Because nothing happens except by Allah's will, all human beings are created only according to Allah's will.
2: Because Allah is omniscient, Allah knows the eventual fate of every person even before the moment of their creation.
3: Because Allah has free will, he has the free will to create or not create any human being he chooses.
4: Therefore, at the moments of creation, Allah is choosing to create some people that he already knows will be saved, and others that he already knows will be condemned to hell.
5: Therefore, since the results of every lifetime are already known even prior to creation, the "test" for salvation is already complete even before the created individual is born.
Q.E.D. Life on earth cannot be a test for salvation. The test is already complete before life on earth takes place.
6: If a human being were capable of doing anything to change his fate from the one Allah already determined, then Allah would have made a mistake.
7: Since Allah cannot make a mistake, a human being cannot do anything to change his fate from the one Allah already determined.
Q.E.D. Human beings cannot have free will.
Life on earth is not a test for salvation. For what is there to test if the results are known ahead of time and there is nothing we can do to change them?
Qiyamah, the Islamic Day of Judgment, is a farce. For we are not being judged based on our behaviors, but on Allah's previous decision.
People are not led to Islam because it is superior message or religion, but because Allah decided that they would become Muslims whether they wanted to or not.
Since the vast majority of human beings who have ever lived, and who are living today are not Muslim, Allah must have created the vast majority of human beings for the express purpose of condemning them to Jahannam. Therefore the primary purpose of creation must be hell and suffering, not paradise and salvation.
Quran 17:13: Sahih International: And [for] every person We have imposed his fate upon his neck, and We will produce for him on the Day of Resurrection a record which he will encounter spread open.